Polished Ruby

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Metaphysical Properties:

Ruby is believed to promote loving, nurturing, health, knowledge and wealth. It has been associated with improved energy and concentration, creativity, loyalty, honor and compassion. Ruby is thought to be protective of home, possessions and family. Ruby is said to stimulate heart chakra and bring spiritual wisdom while shielding against psychic attacks.

 

What is a Ruby?

Ruby (along with sapphire) is part of the corundum species. It gets its red color from chromium. The red of ruby is the only color variety not found in sapphire. Also like sapphire, significant ruby deposits have been found in Southeast Asia (for centuries Burma, now Myanmar, was the main source), Eastern and Southern Africa, the Middle East as well as Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Australia and China.

 Most deposits are still worked in the primitive way they've been worked for centuries. They are panned from rivers and picked out by hand from the other minerals around them.

 In their natural rough form, rubies are dull greasy-looking stones. But cut and polished, their high luster is dazzling (comparable to diamonds), and their rich red color is pleochroic. Pleochroic is color that varies when you view it from different directions.

 Ruby in zoisite is a combination of ruby and zoisite crystal. The only mining deposits have been found in Tanzania. Ruby in zoisite typically displays a green color but can also have pink and red inclusions.

 Another combination, ruby in kyanite (also called ruby kyanite) is mined in Myanmar (Burma), India and Thailand. Its color is typically a mottled pink and red with teal and green.

 In addition to ruby in its natural state, some ruby gemstones are treated in two ways, dyed and heated.

 Rubies of lower quality are sometimes treated with heat (approx. 3300 degrees Fahrenheit) to make gemstones more transparent and make the color more pronounced. Another treatment is filling fractures with lead glass to improve transparency.

Less often than heated, some rubies are dyed. The method of dyeing will vary by source, vendor and the technology. Typically, ruby gemstones, which are porous, are placed in vats of dye containing organic or vegetable dyes. Chemical salts and natural pigments may also be used. The stones may soak for several weeks to allow the dye to fully penetrate the stone and produce uniform surface color.

 

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